Present Perfect Continuous

pexels-photo-207305

THEY HAVE BEEN FLYING ALL DAY .

We form the present perfect contiuous with have/has been + ….ing .

 AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE  INTERROGATIVE
 I have been working  I haven’t been working  Have I been working?
He/she/it has been

working

He /she/it hasn’t been working  Has he been working?
 You/we/they have bee working  You/we/they haven’t been working  Have they been working?

CONTRACTIONS

have=’ve                       have not=haven’t

has=’s                            has not= hasn’t

WHEN DO WE USE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS ?

Sentences with present perfect contiuous connect the present and the past .

  1. We usually use the present perfect continuous to talk about something that started in the past and has been in progress up to the present .

We can say how long with since and for .

We use since when we give the beginning of the time ( for example since Tuesday) .

EXAMPLE . It’s been snowing since Tuesday .

We use for when we give the length of time.

EXAMPLE . It’s been snowing for three days .

2. We use present perfect continuous when an action has been in progress up to the recent past , especially when the action has results in the present.

EXAMPLE . It has been snowing .( Explanation . It isn’t snowing now , but there is snow on the ground .)

REMEMBER!

  1. We use present perfect mostly for finished actions but the results are shown in the present                                                                                                              Example  . I’ve witten to John , so he knows everything .

We also use the present perfect to say how much or how often.

Example . I’ve traveled to nine countries this year .

2. We use the present perfect continuous ( progressive) mostly for unfinished actions continuing up to now . We mostly use it to say how long .

Example . The children have been playing all day .

The present perfect progressive can also be used for longer , more permanent situations . However , we often prefer a simple present perfect, especially when we are talking about unchanging states rather than actions.

Example . He‘s been standing here for hours . – Present perfect progressive

The castle has stood on this hill for 900 years . – Present perfect simple

FOR MORE PRACTICE , REGISTER FOR OUR COURSE ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN USE click here…

Advertisements